What is an Egg Retrieval?
An egg (oocyte) retrieval is a quick, minimally invasive procedure done under anesthesia that allows aspiration of follicular fluid to retrieve a women’s eggs. This is a sterile process in which an ultrasound probe is introduced into the vagina. A needle guide attached to this probe will help the doctor to direct a needle through the vaginal wall and into the ovary. The needle will be inserted once into the ovary and each follicle aspirated one after the other. The fluid is collected in a warm test tube and then handed off to an embryologist in order to identify each egg under a microscope. This procedure usually results in little discomfort and a patient usually can return to a normal routine within a day or two.
What is a Hysteroscopy?
A Hysteroscopy is a procedure done under anesthesia that allows for visualization into the uterine cavity. With assistance from abdominal ultrasound and dilatation of the cervix, the doctor introduces a thin, camera device known as a hysteroscope, past the cervix and into the uterus. This device is like a telescope that can ‘see’ into the uterus and even capture images that you will be able to look at after your procedure. Once inside the uterine cavity the doctor may want to remove adhesions or polyps; he/she can use a number of devices for this kind of removal but most often a morcellator device is used in our surgery center. This morcellator, shaped thin like the hysteroscope, is able to be seen by the camera to essentially ‘shave’ off polyps or fibroids that reside on the internal uterine wall. This process is fairly quick. A patient may experience a minimal amount of bleeding and possibly mild uterine cramping in the recovery stage.
What is Dilation and Curettage?
A D&C is a surgical procedure performed under anesthesia. While in surgery your physician will use surgical instruments called “dilators” to gently dilate your cervix. Once dilated, your surgeon may use different surgical instruments or a manual vacuum device to remove tissue or other abnormalities from your uterus. This procedure can be done to treat various conditions including uterine bleeding or contained tissue after a miscarriage. A D&C is fairly quick and may result in mild to moderate uterine cramping and possibly mild bleeding. Patients are usually able to return to normal activity in a day or two.